Optimal Permutation Recovery in Permuted Monotone Matrix Model
Rong Ma, Tony Cai, and Hongzhe Li
Motivated by recent research on quantifying bacterial growth dynamics based on genome assemblies, we consider a permuted monotone matrix model Y = Θ Π + Z, where the rows represent different samples, the columns represent contigs in genome assemblies and the elements represent log-read counts after preprocessing steps and Guanine-Cytosine (GC) adjustment. In this model, Θ is an unknown mean matrix with monotone entries for each row, Π is a permutation matrix that permutes the columns of Θ, and Z is a noise matrix. This paper studies the problem of estimation/recovery of Π given the observed noisy matrix Y . We propose an estimator based on the best linear projection, which is shown to be minimax rate-optimal for both exact recovery, as measured by the 0-1 loss, and partial recovery, as quantified by the normalized Kendall’s tau distance. Simulation studies demonstrate the superior empirical performance of the proposed estimator over alternative methods. We demonstrate the methods using a synthetic metagenomics dataset of 45 closely related bacterial species and a real metagenomic dataset to compare the bacterial growth dynamics between the responders and the non-responders of the IBD patients after 8 weeks of treatment.