Tony Cai and Anru Zhang
The new perturbation bounds are applicable to a wide range of problems. In this paper, we consider in detail applications to low-rank matrix denoising and singular space estimation, high-dimensional clustering, and canonical correlation analysis (CCA). In particular, separate matching upper and lower bounds are obtained for estimating the left and right singular spaces. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first result that gives different optimal rates for the left and right singular spaces under the same perturbation. In addition to these problems, applications to other high-dimensional problems such as community detection in bipartite networks, multidimensional scaling, and cross-covariance matrix estimation are also discussed.